It belongs to the ancient kin of salamanders comprising just six varieties, commonly referred to as the olm, mud puppies and water dogs .it is a blind amphibian common to the yawning water of caves. The family diverged from their nearby relations 190 million years ago in the early Jurassic period in the era of the dinosaurs. This predates the 1st vestige bird by 40 million years. A tiny subpopulation of “black olms” may be a part varieties requiring extra safety.
HOW IT LOOKS?
The olm is a lengthened and slim mythical being with tiny, slim limbs with 3 toes near the front limbs and 2 toes on the hind limbs. The chest is cylindrical and homogeneously broad. The tail is moderately little, tangentially compressed, and bordered by a slim fin. It have defectively urban eyes, which are enclosed with skin in one of the type (P. anguinus anguinus), and have three pink outer gills on each side of the head. It is soft and blind, although their skin-covered eyes are still light perceptive. It has developed a prevailing sensory system of smell, taste, and hearing. Since the pelt is transparent, it is possible to see the olm’s interior organs, making it easy to identify the sex of adults.
It is present in clean water assets found in dark subversive caves of the Dinaric Alps along the Adriatic Sea, from north-eastern Italy to Bosnia and Herzegovina and possibly Serbia and Montenegro. It may be found in cave opening (especially during high rainfall and flood) and discarded excavate mechanism. Many of the caves within the olm’s range are linked to rivers that run over the earth for the first 50 to 100km and then vanish into the earth.
It is scheduled in Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of endangered Species because its area of residence is less than 2,000 km sq.
It is a Europe’s only cave modified vertebrate. They are totally marine variety that can stay alive lacking foodstuff for up to 10 years and live to an age of 58 or more.