Friday, July 23, 2010

Canis rufus (C. niger) RED WOLF

The coat of the red wolf is tawny-cinnamon mixed with gray and black, and is darkest on the back. Red wolves have a head and body length of 1 - 1.2 m (3.25 - 4') and a weight of 18 - 41 kg (40 - 90 lb). Given their wide historical distribution, red wolves probably utilized a large suite of habitat types at one time.
Head and body length: 1 - 1.2 m (3.25 - 4'); weight: 18 - 41 kg (40 - 90 lb)

• The last naturally occurring population utilized coastal prairie marshes.
However, this environment probably does not typify preferred red wolf habitat.

• Maturity of age 22 - 46 months, occasionally 10 months.

• Gestation Period is from 61 - 63 days.

• Adults mate between February and March of every year. Two to three pups are born during April or May. Both males and females help raise their young. When the young are about 6 months old they are mature enough to leave home.

• Birth Rate is 1 - 11 cubs per litter; the average is 6. There is one litter per year.

• Mostly seen in Temperate deciduous forest.

• Early Development that is Weaning occurs at 8 - 10 weeks.

• Life span is Up to 13 years in the wild, 16 years in captivity.

• The red wolf prefer to eat white-tailed deer and raccoon and also including pigs; muskrats, nutria, and other rodents; and rabbits.

• Behavior: cubs are born in dens, which can be located in the trunks of hollow trees, stream banks or sand knolls. The dens are either excavated by the wolves or taken over from another animal. The red wolf is primarily nocturnal, but it may increase its daytime activity during the winter.

• It hunts over a relatively small part of its home range for about 7 - 10 days and then shifts to another area.

• It is normally pack-living animal with a complex social organization.

• Problems for threaten the future of red wolves - the loss of habitat, the hunting of wolves, and red wolves mating with coyotes.

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